Personal, as a prefix, is actually affixed by a hyphen to many other words in a number of parts of message. The blend tends to be a noun (self-discipline), an adjective (self-absorbed), a verb (self-medicate), or an adverb (self-importantly). It can also recommend actually to a person (self-regard) or can figuratively apply at an inanimate item (self-contained). Yet it is put, though, it will always be, with one aberrant exemption I’ll relate to below, hyphenated.
In adjectival consumption, although more phrasal adjectives include hyphenated before a noun but left open after (“The well-known musician drew a large audience,” but “That artist are really known”), compounds offering the prefix self include hyphenated in both opportunities: “The self-possessed lady was actually positive but not conceited,” and “That female try amazingly self-possessed.”
This guideline can be applied also to all, another prefix included in phrasal adjectives: “The all-inclusive coverage was actually a lot more successful”; “The plan is all-inclusive.” Ex, but not used in phrasal adjectives, is yet another prefix always hyphenated towards the keyword that observe: “That’s the lady ex-boyfriend.”
The exemption for the prefix personal I regarded above is this: Though uncomfortable and self-consciously are made, the antonym presents a challenge: keywords are usually arrange with each other into words with hyphens (“She got an annoying devil-may-care attitude”), but this tactic is recognized as inappropriate whenever prefixes are involved. Un-self-consciously seems embarrassing.
Unfortuitously, the preferred choice, unselfconsciously, is actually equally repugnant. A better solution? Instead of composing “His unselfconsciousness had been energizing,” compose “His shortage of self-consciousness had been energizing.” Instead of the adverbial kind in, for example, “They played collectively unselfconsciously,” shot “They starred as well as no self-conscious attitude.”
In all different practices, though, terms which personal or their plural form looks — whenever personal is actually followed by a suffix (greedy, selfless) or when it is coupled with a pronoun (yourself, me, by itself, our selves, on their own, and so on) — commonly hyphenated.
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6 answers to “Treatment of terms offering “Self””
Cheers. This post came at a good time for my situation. Should every noun type “self” getting hyphenated? Even those kinds perhaps not present in Webster’s? I’m considering “self chat,” including. I really couldn’t get a hold of this one in Webster’s, nor could I think it is in the Chicago Manual of Style, nor was it listed at Webster’s in combo kind listing for “self-“. How can you determine if this blend is hyphenated? Thank you so much.
Indeed, every ingredient including home and a noun is hyphenated.
Thank you. But exactly how can an editor RECOGNIZE this? Webster’s? Chicago Guide of fashion? Thank You.
Should it is: Self-talk or Self-Talk?
Can there be a preference? I’m performing a novel for a kid psychologist so we need a disagreement on a headline. I’m for St, she’s for ST.
Thanks for this post—it is most helpful!
You had me through to the penultimate paragraph.
I just take problems with any grammarian’s advice to recast a sentence because we can’t work out how to handle live language. “Unselfconscious” is actually a nicely cogent appearance and mustn’t getting hit in the top with a shovel. Indeed we could fight the urge! Let’s let the creator write, the audio speaker consult, and find an approach to live with they.
This isn’t totally proper. The infamous these are typically consistently switching the guidelines to accommodate by themselves when quick logic will serve. All-, self- in addition to their ilk just necessary hyphenated in an adjective place: self-possessed aggrandizement, all-knowing entity. They’re not hyphenated when located alone as an adejctive: self care, all inclusive, any longer than just about any adjective will be hyphenated before the noun. Thought before good grief you decide to compose.