To possess a in depth factor of the half dozen darshanas, come across the Q&An excellent Booklet to the Hinduism: Brief Methods to Real Inquiries

To possess a in depth factor of the half dozen darshanas, come across the Q&An excellent Booklet to the Hinduism: Brief Methods to Real Inquiries

  1. Vaisheshika
  2. Nyaya
  3. Sankhya
  4. Mimamsa otherwise Purva Mimamsa
  5. Pilates
  6. Vedanta (along with Advaita, Dvaita, and you can Vishishtadvaita)

Key Hindu scriptures

Hinduism was full of scripture and you can has an intensive collection of ancient religious weblog. This type of sacred messages try categorized broadly toward a couple classes: Shruti and Smriti.

The phrase Shruti virtually means “heard” and you may include exactly what Hindus believe as eternal facts similar to natural law. This type of messages try revered while the “revealed” or divine in resource and are also thought to secure the foundational facts regarding Hinduism.

Another sounding scripture try Smriti, and this practically mode “memories,” that’s known out of Shruti when it comes to its resource. Theories for the Smriti messages are meant to end up being prompt adherents the fresh new endless facts off Shruti, and read and you will translated for the white out-of modifying points more kala (time), desha (land), and you will guna (personality).


Vedas: The expression Veda function “knowledge”. You can find four Vedas: Rig, Sama, Yajur and you can Atharva, from which the newest Rig veda is the oldest.

Upanishads: This type of texts, numbering more than 100, include a comprehensive mining of types of knowing the thinking, God, as well as the characteristics of the globe.


Puranas: Stories about Puranas translate the latest definitions of your own ancient Shruti scriptures and teach them on public from the explaining the brand new theories of one’s Vedas and you can Upanishads by way of reports and you may parables. Discover 18 major Puranas (Mahapuranas) and many minor of them (upapuranas).

Ramayana: That it prominent epic says to the life span story this new commendable prince called Rama, just who Hindus trust to get an incarnation of the Divine. Prince Rama endures year out-of exile and some hardships whenever you are damaging effective demons in advance of back into code his kingdom. There are various versions of your Ramayana, from which many really-recognized are those by original writer Sage Valmiki in addition to poet-saint Tulsidas.

Mahabharata: Along with one hundred,one hundred thousand passages, the latest Mahabharata try an old unbelievable, and is the brand new longest poem the country has known. According to a long conflict anywhere between a couple branches of your own Kaurava family, the brand new Mahabharata try a beneficial trove away from tales and you may discourses on habit of dharma, for instance the requirement for facts, fairness, self sacrifice, and maintaining regarding dharma, equestrian dating the need for done determination in order to Jesus, additionally the greatest futility out-of war

Bhagavad-gita: The brand new Bhagavad-gita was a primary scripture to own Hindus. Though it is actually a small area of the Mahabharata and you may technically classed once the an effective Smriti text, it is usually accorded the score out of a keen Upanishad. It is designed to assist one just remember that , maintaining dharma normally be difficult, especially in situations where there’s not a definite best or wrong.

Agama Shastras: Ancient and numerous, plus many which were missing along the ages, these types of messages handle basic areas of dedication and you can worship, together with private and you may forehead rituals and you will means.

Hindu benefits out of antiquity

As opposed to well-known attitudes one to Hinduism is a strange religion entirely concerned about transcendental basics off religious behavior, Hinduism might have been good wellspring getting huge contributions in order to globally society comprising over five millennia.

As the a spiritual behavior hoping to understand the eternal mysteries out of lives, Hinduism has never been a great regressive otherwise finalized dogma pleased with historicentric interpretations of one holy book. In reality, Hindus keeps looked the fresh mysteries out of technology, math and you will astronomy to help you revel in the brand new glory from Production.

Epochal enhances into the metallurgy, medication, grame of very early practitioners out of Hinduism and its particular scripture is actually replete with simple and you may esoteric findings.

The thought of zero (200 An effective.D.). The modern mathematical and decimal program (three hundred B.C.E). The worth of pi (497 A beneficial.D.). Area of an effective triangle (476 Good.D.). Quadratic Equation (991 A beneficial.D.). Trigonometry.

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